Hazel Run Crossing

We are going to go a little off script in this blog to explore an area that was tangentially associated with both battles of Fredericksburg. Hazel Run is an east-west flowing stream which was a maneuver constraint during the December battle. At that time it formed the southern boundary for those Union forces attacking Marye’s Heights. In the May battle, it acted as a northern line for Union General Albion Howes’s divisional avenue of approach against Marye’s Heights and Continue reading

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Martha Stephens House

Martha Ann Stephens, also known by the last names of Farrow and Innis or Ennis or Stevens, is a person of legend in Fredericksburg, a person of contradictions. She could not read or write, yet owned land, a rarity for women in the mid-nineteenth century. She did not have the advantage of family or wealth in the community. Martha was a nonconformist doing things ‘her way’ which frequently caused legal issues. She spoke her mind to whomever she talked to. She may not have even been remembered but for Continue reading

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The Innis (Ennis) House (part 2)

The Innis (Ennis) House is the only remaining historic structure located along the Sunken Road on the National Park’s Fredericksburg Battlefield land.  It was owned by Martha who went by any of three last names: Farrow, Innis and Stephens, based upon city land tax records, court cases, U.S. Census records, Deed Book records and newspaper stories. I use the names interchangeably, as did she. Currently we are focused upon the Continue reading

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The Innis (Ennis) House (part 1)

The Innis (Ennis) House is the only remaining historic structure located along the Sunken Road on the National Park’s Fredericksburg Battlefield land.  The house was built sometime prior to 1850 although the actual construction date is unknown. There is record of a structure ‘below Brompton’ when John Howison sold his property to a group of land investors in 1854. This group was headed up by John S. Caldwell.  By 1856, the Continue reading

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155th Fredericksburg Remembrance Walk (Pt 2)

I continue to review the Remembrance Walk conducted by the National Park Service (NPS) on Sunday, December 10th. This was the 155th Anniversary of the Battle of Fredericksburg, conducted by the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. This innovative approach focused on remembering the entire Fredericksburg community and its trial under fire from the perspective of: Union and Confederate soldiers, the people of the community, free and enslaved, young and old, those who evacuated and those who remained the living and the dead. NPS Chief Historian John Continue reading

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